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Bastides


 










 

The bastides


The bastides are the heritage of the urbanization of the countryside in the Pays de Langue d'oc in the middle of the Middle Ages.
These new towns, shaped according to square urban designs, are a testimony to a lively urban center in the south of France, and are distinguished by a rich culture and tradition.
They were, in the Middle Ages, designed to stop an enemy invasion, but their function now goes beyond that original intent. Cities such as Villefranche-du-Périgord, Beaumont-du- Périgord and Molières, with their central location, their integration in the countryside, and their population of former peasants, were made for trade and exchange.



 
The bastides - new cities - were founded in the southwest of France between 1222 and 1373.
A few examples of bastides around Monpazier



Arcades Villefranche-du-Périgord

Arcades in Villefranche-du-Périgord
Bastide of Villefranche-du-Périgord
Bastide in the valley of the Lémance, in the far southeast of the Périgord region, directly on the border of Quercy.
The bastide was founded in 1261 by Alphonse de Poitiers, Count of Toulouse, brother of the king of France, Louis IX.






   
Église de Beaumont-du-Périgord

The fortified church of San Lorenzo
in Anglo-Gothic style, XIII century
Bastide of Beaumont-du-Périgord
The bastide was founded in 1272 by Luc Thaney, Seneschal of Guyenne, on behalf of Edward I, King of England.












 
Bastide de Molières

Aerial photograph, 2007
Bastide of Molières
Founded in 1284 by the King of England, Edward I, this country house has remained incomplete.










   
Monflanquin

Photograph of the bastide from the south
Bastide of Monflanquin
Bastide of the Haut-Agenais, founded in 1252 by Alphonse de Poitiers.










 



Readings

DIVORNE, F. ; GENDRE, B. ; LAVERGNE, B.; PANERAI, P., 1985, Les Bastides d'Aquitaine, du Bas-Languedoc et du Béarn, Essai sur la régularité, Archives d'architecture moderne, Bruxelles, 125 p., reprint
LAURET, A. ; MALEBRANCHE, R. ; SERAPHIN, G., 1988, Bastides, Villes nouvelles du Moyen Age, Toulouse: Editions Milan, 318 p., 1st edition